The Solicitadores and Enforcement Agents National Association (OSAE), previously known as the Chamber of Solicitadores, is a portuguese public law association, independent of the state bodies, that represents and regulates, under the terms of the law, the activity of Solicitadores, Enforcement Agents and their professional companies and also regulates the access and activity of the respective interns.

As a public association, it has the special task to ensure citizens a quality public service, by guaranteeing that its members fulfill the duties enshrined in the Statute (Decree-Law no. 88/2003, of 26 April, subsequent amendments, and Law no. 154/2015, September 14). This Association must also ensure that its associates enjoy the rights that are legally assigned to them.

OSAE is a founding member of the National Council of Professional Associations (CNOP), also integrating the International Union of Judicial Officers (UIHJ) and the Committee of European Postulants.

The association members are obligatorily registered as beneficiaries in the Pension Fund of Lawyers and Solicitadores (CPAS), electing members of their management and of the respective General Council.

In 2002, OSAE was distinguished by the President of the Republic, Jorge Sampaio, with the title of Honorary Member of the Order of Merit.




EIPA Luxembourg – European Centre for Judges and Lawyers (ECJL) has nearly thirty years of experience in providing legal training for various target groups. It has been particularly active in the field of judicial cooperation in civil and criminal matters and has carried out a number of various projects.
Of particular relevance to the current project, EIPA-ECJL has over the years managed or been senior partner in projects delivering training on judicial cooperation in commercial and civil matters (incl. family law) and in criminal matters to judges and prosecutors as well as bailiffs and non-judge court staff. These training projects have addressed both the needs of end users and the needs of future trainers, the latter activities combining transfer of knowledge, practical know-how and training methodologies.  Finally, in 2012-2014, EIPA-ECJL undertook the first EU-wide study of EU law training needs for court staff and bailiffs, and has since 2020 been cooperating with the EJTN on updating this initial study.  Both studies have been undertaken upon the request of the European Commission, DG Justice.  All EIPA-ECJL services are delivered by our in-house experts and, whenever appropriate, with contributions from our long standing external experts in areas requiring special expertise.

EIPA-ECJL is located in the heart of Luxembourg, 10 minutes walking from the Court of Justice of the European Union.  It is an antenna of the European Institute of Public Administration (EIPA), whose headquarters are located in Maastricht, The Netherlands.

EIPA’s overall mission is to provide a mix of deep insights and practical knowledge about the shaping and implementation of EU policies and law to all professionals dealing with EU public affairs and law. The key objective of EIPA’s services is to further improve the skills, capacities and competences of its clients and partners.

EIPA is supported by the EU Member States and the European Commission. We serve officials in national and regional public administrations in Member States, in the European Commission itself, and in other EU institutions. As such, EIPA has developed a vast and strong network across the Member States and various EU institutions, bodies, and agencies.

It is the combination of this network and the experience of our experts that enables us to provide cross-national and cross-institutional comparative, analytical and practice-oriented perspectives on EU policies and law, which, along with our problem-solving approach, makes us one of the longest-standing experts in EU public affairs.




Created in 1981, the Ecole de Formation des Barreaux du ressort de la Cour d’appel de Paris (EFB) is the School of Lawyers of 9 Bars within the jurisdiction of the Paris Court of Appeal. It is now the largest French Bar School and is responsible for the initial training of nearly half of the student lawyers in France. The EFB is an establishment recognised as being of public utility and prepares student lawyers for the professional requirements of their future profession. The educational offer is constantly being improved in order to provide a training programme adapted to the expectations and needs of the profession. Continuing training is also an essential mission for the school which aims to support lawyers in the development of their knowledge and the acquisition of new skills.




Fondazione Scuola Forense Vittorio Emanuele Orlando: The Fondazione Scuola Forense Vittorio Emanuele Orlando was founded by the Rome Bar in 2012 to ensure mandatory initial legal education of future lawyers belonging to the “trainees public registry” (albo dei praticanti) of the Rome Bar which counts more than 24.000 lawyers. The Legal Profession Law n°247/2012 provides for a mandatory legal training education of 18 months before a law form or other Judicial/Legal instances. During this time, all trainees shall attend initial legal education programs. The Fondazione Scuola Forense Vittorio Emanuele Orlando offers 180 hours of lecturing of legal ethics, civil, alternative dispute resolution, criminal and public law and 15 different types of written examinations to develop professionals for legal drafting. These programs are aimed at preparing students to participate to the public legal qualification exam. The Fondazione Scuola Forense Vittorio Emanuele Orlando also publishes a prestigious law review called “Giustizia” (www.giustizascuolaforenseroma.it). The Scuola Forense also provides for continuing legal education according to the Law which requires that Italian lawyers undergo at least twenty hours of continuing education every year.




The European Union of Enforcement Agents (UEHJ) has been established in 2016 as an international association under Belgian law on 14 July 2016. Its headquarters are in Brussels. Its purpose, in close coordination with the International Union of Judicial Officers (established in 1954 and 93 member countries), aims: (1) to develop, promote and represent the profession of the enforcement agent within the various Member States of the European Union; (2) to represent the enforcement agent’s profession with the institutions of the European Union; (3) to strengthen the cooperation with the various other legal professions within the European Union; (4) to participate in relevant projects financed by the European Union; (5) to further develop the profession of enforcement agent within the European Union, among others through the promotion of global standards and principles on enforcement and the promotion of EU law that is directly or indirectly related to enforcement (e.g. through training). Presently 25 countries from within the European Union and 2 European Union candidate countries for membership to the European Union are a member of UEHJ.




The European Bailiffs’ Foundation (EUBF) was created on January 1st, 2018 in order to pilot and participate in) projects that are co-financed by the European Union and ensure the sustainability of different tools developed within the framework of said projects.The EUBF represents took over from the former European Chamber of Bailiffs (CEHJ) which lead the following projects:,Find a Bailiff III, Impact study on the application of the Brussels I bis regulation, Find a Bailiff II.

The CEHJ was also a partner in the projects listed down below: European Judicial training for Court staff and Bailiffs 1 et 2, Court Database 2, e-Evidence2e-CODEX, EXEC and Me-CODEX. The EUBF is not only involved in projects aiming at reinforcing cooperation between enforcement authorities in Europe but is also committed to building strong ties with lawyers, judges, notaries and other law practitioners in order to ease access to justice through the optimization of technical developments. Such inter-professional ties guarantee a secure communication among legal professions and assist a proper and prompt administration of justice. Above all, the EUBF aims to develop simple and easy-to-use tools in order to improve cross-border cooper.